What is the difference between management and leadership

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Administration
Management Management is one of the most important human activities in his life, as it is a basic requirement for all areas, it is the organizer of things and control, and the administration is included in the social sciences.



Defined as planning, organization, coordination, direction, and control. All five of the organization's assets are made up of physical resources and human resources in order to advance the facility and use less time, effort and cost to achieve the best results.


The administration has a profound impact on the lives of individuals and communities due to the strong relationship between them and the economic, social and political fields, so it is the economic task of attracting economic resources and exploitation and harnessing; to meet the requirements of individuals and the market and meet their needs, but in the social field to check the progress and progress and well-being.


More precisely, the Department can be defined as a set of activities and practices carried out by a person through planning and preparing for achieving a series of goals, then organizing these plans and objectives to coordinate them and make the appropriate decision on how to accomplish them and then control them to ensure the achievement of the desired goals.


Types of Management 
The Department is generally divided into two main types: Public Administration: This type of management has the advantage of a range of natural, technical and material resources that contribute to the achievement of the desired objectives and to ensure the performance of the duties entrusted to it. Business management: A set of activities, performance and processes to be accomplished; ultimately, an appropriate decision is taken from a range of alternative decisions. This type of management is a global process, designed to organize and organize individuals and control Resources efficiently and effectively in order to guide the activities of the human element to achieve the desired objectives.


Management functions
 Planning is the first management function of any organization. It is the process of defining the organization's policies and defining its objectives and how these objectives should be achieved. Organization: This administrative function is concerned with the division of responsibilities on the appropriate individuals to carry out, and the appropriate administrative levels to achieve and achieve, and as the organization works through the function of organization to draw horizontal and vertical relations between the units and levels of the organization. Guidance: Leadership is the issuance of laws, guidelines, and disclosure of the organization's policy to FAO staff, and guidance on how to achieve the Organization's objectives through the optimal utilization of the Organization's resources and the stimulation of personal skills and harnessing them to do the work required. Control: This function is one of the last functions assigned to management. It is the responsibility of the organization to identify and develop the organization's strengths and weaknesses and to assess the quality of the products, early detection and prediction of deviations before they occur and solutions.

Management Levels 
The organizational hierarchy of any administrative level organization is divided into three main levels. The classification is in line with the responsibilities assigned to each level, and is as follows: Senior management: It is at the top of the organizational hierarchy. The administrative body of the organization is the general manager and the chairman It is up to them to assume the responsibility of the Organization and to pursue its objectives in the desired manner. Central Management: It is located in the middle of the organizational pyramid, and forms the departmental and organizational managers of the organization. The minimum management, called executive management, is responsible for achieving and achieving the objectives and direct supervision of the labor force.


Leadership

has the ability to motivate individuals and labor to achieve the desired goals by influencing them. Leadership focuses on influencing and persuading others indirectly. Leadership has a profound impact on achievement and achievement of goals. It is also the ability to guide individuals' behavior in line with the goals. And completion.

Leadership Skills
 In order for a leader to accomplish his or her task successfully, it must be characterized by a set of skills and qualities that motivate him to achieve his goal and influence others. The ability to discover the weaknesses of the organization and create radical solutions to it. Discovering, developing and developing the strengths of the organization. good morals. A good listener. Strength of Personality. Affiliation to the organization and the sense of the importance of the message that seeks to achieve. devotion. Serious and firm. Activity and vitality. Sacrifice and altruism. Possessing administrative capabilities. Ability to communicate and communicate. The power of expression and eloquence.

The importance of leadership
 Leadership plays an important role in communication between employees and management of the organization, its plans and future perspectives. Seeks to direct the efforts of its employees and unify them towards the goals of the Organization and achieve them as required. Motivate individuals to achieve goals by developing their skills and training. Controls the problems facing the Organization and sets out future plans to predict and find solutions to these problems.

Types of driving
Autocratic Leadership: Democratic Leadership. Free Driving. Positioning leadership. Procedural leadership.

Leadership roles Leader
 The role of the leader as a teacher is to continue to teach his subordinates work matters and to inform them of new information and skills in the work, and to teach his subordinates what is acceptable and unacceptable behavior in the organization. Counselor: This requires the manager to listen to the problems of subordinates and listen to them to guide them to solutions to their problems and advice, and avoid the problems between subordinates and resolving conflicts in case of occurrence. The leader is a judge: This is done by following up the performance of the subordinates and evaluating them, taking the necessary legal measures against them, resolving and resolving disputes, and justice among them, and implementing the policy of the organization. In this role, the leader is considered a link between the senior management and the subordinates. He transfers to the senior management the problems, concerns, suggestions and complaints facing the employees and convey to the employees the response of the senior management and their views.

Sources of Leadership 
The sources of leadership are classified into two main parts: official sources, which derive their influence by force by imposing sanctions on those who violate or violate the work and grant reward to those who perform an exemplary work. This type is described as a force of compulsion, At its center in the organizational ladder. The informal sources are considered to be subjective and personal. They are based on the personal qualities and capacities of the person in charge, enabling them to attract and influence individuals in a positive and distinctive manner, as well as their ability to communicate directly with their subordinates and their positions, and to advise, mentor and guide them.

The difference between management and leadership confuses many concepts of management and leadership, and they are the same meaning, but in fact there is a big difference between the two concepts on the one hand, and the most important point of difference between management and leadership is the focus of each, The results of performance and physical components in the organization with the neglect of the human element, and vice versa in leadership, focusing on the human element and interested in the development of skills and abilities and training; to stimulate the performance of work and achievement of goals. There is also a clear difference between the two parties. The leader is interested in influencing individuals based on his abilities and personal skills. The workforce feels that they are the focus of attention. He deals wisely and rationally with the involvement of the workers in the administrative process, and distancing himself from the use of the authority entrusted to him and the official powers so as not to determine the form of the relationship Between him and his subordinates.

The leader also keeps pace with changes in any betting situation, always seeks constant change, takes his subordinates' hand to the organization's progress and prosperity, encourages others to change and motivates them in their own way, and does not feel that there is a difference in job title. The manager is unlike the commander in all of the above. The manager is forced to force the subordinates to perform the functions and achieve the objectives of the organization based on a set of procedures and laws set by the senior management in the organization. The relationship between him and his subordinates is very formal, lacking emotion and feelings To neglect the human element of the Organization.

 The Director is not interested in making changes, but rather seeks to achieve what the Organization has set without progress or marked growth in the Organization's performance and thus remain in its normal form. In addition, the Director is characterized by short-term planning, so he does not care about change but focuses all his thinking on time And the future status of the organization is neglected. The manager and his subordinates are said to have a wide gap due to the interest in job names